|本期目录/Table of Contents|

[1]吴明铭,杨海涛,林万尊,等.恶性肿瘤患者医院感染的特点及危险因素分析[J].福建医科大学学报,2020,54(01):48-52.
 WU Mingming,YANG Haitao,LIN Wanzun,et al.Characteristics and Risk Factors of Nosocomial Infections in Patients with Malignant Tumor[J].Journal of Fujian Medical University,2020,54(01):48-52.
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《福建医科大学学报》[ISSN:1672-4194/CN:35-1192/R]

卷:
第54卷
期数:
2020年01期
页码:
48-52
栏目:
临床研究
出版日期:
2020-02-28

文章信息/Info

Title:
Characteristics and Risk Factors of Nosocomial Infections in Patients with Malignant Tumor
文章编号:
1672-4194(2020)01-0048-05
作者:
吴明铭 杨海涛 林万尊 谢贤和
福建医科大学 附属第一医院化疗科,福州 350005
Author(s):
WU Mingming YANG Haitao LIN Wanzun XIE Xianhe
Department of Chemotherapy, The First Affiliated Hospital of Fujian Medical University, Fuzhou 350005, China
关键词:
肿瘤 交叉感染 药物耐受性 危险因素
Keywords:
neoplasms cross infection drug tolerance risk factors
分类号:
R63; R73; R915
DOI:
-
文献标志码:
A
摘要:
目的 探讨恶性肿瘤患者发生医院感染的特点及危险因素。 方法 采用卡方检验分析恶性肿瘤患者医院感染的临床特点; 单因素及多因素Logistic回归分析恶性肿瘤患者医院感染的危险因素。 结果 恶性肿瘤患者医院感染部位以肺部感染为主(48.48%); 病原菌依次为革兰阴性菌(70.8%)、革兰阳性菌(21.3%)及真菌(7.9%)。单因素和多因素Logistic回归分析显示,性别、年龄、住院时间、肿瘤分期、侵入性操作是独立危险因素(均为P<0.05)。 结论 恶性肿瘤患者以男性、≥65岁、住院时间>30 d、肿瘤分期Ⅳ期以下、有侵入性操作等为发生医院感染的高危因素。
Abstract:
Objective To investigate the characteristics and risk factors of nosocomial infection in patients with malignant tumors. Methods Chi-square test was used to analyze the clinical characteristics of nosocomial infection in patients with malignant tumors. Univariate and multivariate logistic regression were used to analyze the risk factors of nosocomial infection in patients with malignant tumors. Results Pulmonary infection(48.48%)was the main infection site in patients with malignant tumor. The pathogenic bacteria were gram negative(70.8%), gram positive(21.3%)and fungal(7.9%), respectively. Univariate and multivariate logistic regression analysis showed that gender, age, length of hospital stay, cancer's clinical stage, and invasive surgery were independent risk factors(P<0.05). Conclusion Male, age of 65 or older, 30 days or longer in hospital, cancer clinical stage Ⅰ through Ⅲ, and invasive procedures are risk factors for nosocomial infection in patients with malignant tumors.

参考文献/References:

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备注/Memo

备注/Memo:
收稿日期: 2019-01-20 作者简介: 吴明铭,女,住院医师,医学硕士 通讯作者: 谢贤和. Email: xiexianhe@yahoo.com
更新日期/Last Update: 2020-01-30